Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/53819
Type: Artigo
Title: A spectral analysis of team dynamics and tactics in Brazilian football
Title Alternative: 
Author: Moura, Felipe Arruda
Martins, Luiz Eduardo Barreto
Anido, Ricardo O.
Ruffino, Paulo Régis C.
Barros, Ricardo M.L.
Cunha, Sergio Augusto
Abstract: The purposes of this study were to characterise the total space covered and the distances between players within teams over ten Brazilian First Division Championship matches. Filmed recordings, combined with a tracking system, were used to obtain the trajectories of the players (n = 277), before and after half-time. The team surface area (the area of the convex hull formed by the positions of the players) and spread (the Frobenius norm of the distance-between-player matrix) were calculated as functions of time. A Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) was applied to each time series. The median frequency was then calculated. The results of the surface area time series median frequencies for the first half (0.63 +/- 0.10 cycles center dot min(-1)) were significantly greater (P < 0.01) than the second-half values (0.47 +/- 0.14 cycles center dot min(-1)). Similarly, the spread variable median frequencies for the first half (0.60 +/- 0.14 cycles center dot min(-1)) were significantly greater (P < 0.01) than the second-half values (0.46 +/- 0.16 cycles center dot min(-1)). The median frequencies allowed the characterisation of the time series oscillations that represent the speed at which players distribute and then compact their team formation during a match. This analysis can provide insights that allow coaches to better control the team organisation on the pitch.
The purposes of this study were to characterise the total space covered and the distances between players within teams over ten Brazilian First Division Championship matches. Filmed recordings, combined with a tracking system, were used to obtain the trajectories of the players (n = 277), before and after half-time. The team surface area (the area of the convex hull formed by the positions of the players) and spread (the Frobenius norm of the distance-between-player matrix) were calculated as functions of time. A Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) was applied to each time series. The median frequency was then calculated. The results of the surface area time series median frequencies for the first half (0.63 +/- 0.10 cycles center dot min(-1)) were significantly greater (P < 0.01) than the second-half values (0.47 +/- 0.14 cycles center dot min(-1)). Similarly, the spread variable median frequencies for the first half (0.60 +/- 0.14 cycles center dot min(-1)) were significantly greater (P < 0.01) than the second-half values (0.46 +/- 0.16 cycles center dot min(-1)). The median frequencies allowed the characterisation of the time series oscillations that represent the speed at which players distribute and then compact their team formation during a match. This analysis can provide insights that allow coaches to better control the team organisation on the pitch.
metadata.dc.description.abstractalternative: 
Subject: Análise espectral
Fourier, Transformadas de
Análise de séries temporais
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Journal Of Sports Sciences. Taylor & Francis Ltd, v. 31, n. 14, n. 1568, n. 1577, 2013.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2013.789920
Address: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2013.789920
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:FEF - Artigos e Outros Documentos
IC - Artigos e Outros Documentos
IMECC - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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