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Type: Artigo
Title: Histopathological Alterations In The Gills Of Nile Tilapia Exposed To Carbofuran And Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes
Author: Campos-Garcia
Janaina; Teodoro Martinez
Diego Stefani; Oliveira Rezende
Karina Fernandes; Machado Cunha da Silva
Jose Roberto; Alves
Oswaldo Luiz; Barbieri
Abstract: Carbofuran is a nematicide insecticide with a broad spectrum of action. Carbofuran has noxious effects in several species and has been banned in the USA and Europe; however, it is still used in Brazil. Aquatic organisms are not only exposed to pesticides but also to manufactured nanoparticles, and the potential interaction of these compounds therefore requires investigation. The aim of this study was to examine the histopathological alterations in the gills of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) to determine possible effects of exposure to carbofuran, nitric acid-treated multiwalled carbon nanotubes (HNO3-MWCNTs) and the combination of carbofuran with nanotubes. Juvenile fish were exposed to different concentrations of carbofuran (0.1, 0.5, 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 mg/L), different concentrations of HNO3_MWCNTs (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 mg/L) or different concentrations of carbofuran (0.1, 0.5, 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 mg/L) with 1.0 mg/L of HNO3_MWCNTs. After 24 h of exposure, the animals were removed from the aquarium, the spinal cord was transversely sectioned, and the second gill arch was removed for histological evaluation. Common histological changes included dislocation of the epithelial cells, hyperplasia of the epithelial cells along the secondary lamellae, aneurism, and dilation and disarrangement of the capillaries. All the groups exposed to carbofuran demonstrated a dose-dependent correlation in the Histological Alteration Index; the values found for carbofuran and carbon nanotubes were up to 25% greater than for carbofuran alone. This result indicates an interaction between these toxicants, with enhanced ecotoxic effects. This work contributes to the understanding of the environmental impacts of nanomaterials on aquatic organisms, which is necessary for the sustainable development of nanotechnologies. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Subject: Carbon Nanotubes
Nematicide Insecticide
Aquatic Ecotoxicology
Histological Alterations
Editor: Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science
San Diego
Citation: Ecotoxicology And Environmental Safety. Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science, v. 133, p. 481 - 488, 2016.
Rights: fechado
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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