Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/313477
Type: DISSERTAÇÃO
Degree Level: Mestrado
Title: Contribuição da velocimetria doppler laser para a otimização de componentes descartaveis utilizados em circulação extracorporea
Author: Antunes, Nilson
Advisor: Vieira, Reinaldo Wilson, 1941-
Abstract: Abstract: Introduction: Cardiopulmonary bypass ( CBP ) associates techniques that allow a temporary cardiopulmonary isolation through utilization of a set of machines, devices and circuits. Sophisticated techniques must be applied in order to study blood behavior inside cardiopulmonary bypass system without interference. The Laser Doppler Velocimetry (LDV) uses light as source for velocity measurements and therefore, appears to be the ideal method for tOOt kind of study. Among several disturbs induced by CBP that can lead to physiologic, hemodynamic, chemical and physical imbalance, physical alterations created by mechanical trauma over blood cells have received special attention on this study. Objectives: 1. To study and describe the flow generated by centrifugal and roller pumps. 2. To establish ideal conditions for the observation of blood turbulence and stagnation inside passive components of CBP. 3. To validate Laser Doppler Velocimetry as an adequate method of study for CBP components. Material and Method: A Laser Doppler Velocimeter was utilized to measure velocity in two dimensions inside blood cardioplegia reservoir, a shell and tube heat exchanger component of CBP. A blender of 36% glycerin water solution was used because of its similarity with blood. Observation was obtained through dislocation by a centrifugal pump of a 5 µm polyamide partic1es fluid suspension. Results aod Cooclusioos: Flow created by the roller pump has significant oscilattory characteristics. Flow produced by centrifugal pump is linear. The technique of Laser Doppler Velocimetry might permit comprehension of fluid drainage behavior under conditions developed on this study. These results indicate centrifugal pump as the ideal one Non-invasive Laser Doppler Velocimetry, well adapted to CPB components and associated to measure flow of hydrostatically blood-like fluid is ideal for study of fluid turbulence and stagnation inside passive CPB components. No great variations were observed on drainage profile inside cardioplegia reservoir related to type of flow employed. On the other hand, velocity inside the reservoir grew higher as flow increased, maintaining a similar pattern between equivalent situations with different flows, because there is mild impedance on the flow pathway, that leads to identification of severe turbulence zones. There have been observed, in a commercial heat exchanger, zones of flow confluence, representing flow stagnation area, and the remainder were defined as normal and low turbulence zones, which therefore attests Laser Doppler Velocimetry as a method of study for improvement of non reusable components of CBP
Subject: Coração - Cirurgia
Velocimetro Doppler por laser
Permutadores térmicos
Hemolise e hemolisinas
Turbulência
Dinâmica dos fluidos - Medição
Ultrassonografia Doppler
Language: Português
Editor: [s.n.]
Citation: ANTUNES, Nilson. Contribuição da velocimetria doppler laser para a otimização de componentes descartaveis utilizados em circulação extracorporea. 2002. 153 p. Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas, Campinas, SP. Disponível em: <http://www.repositorio.unicamp.br/handle/REPOSIP/313477>. Acesso em: 12 jun. 2019.
Date Issue: 2002
Appears in Collections:FCM - Tese e Dissertação

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